Training your rabbit to be “potty-trained” is very important to keep your house odor free and hygienic for the rest of your household. Because of the fact rabbit urine is so strong, having your rabbit litter trained will help you reduce the smell throughout your home.
For the litter itself, I recommend you using paper-based pellets instead of cedar or pine shavings because they absorb the odor the best, the most economical, and safe for your rabbit.
When you are finding a box for your rabbit, you can choose either a cat litter box or a cake pan. I highly recommend you buy a cat litter box because it fits most sizes of rabbits.
However, you have s smaller rabbit, you can also use a cake pan. The only disadvantage of using a cake pan is that your rabbit might move back while it is urinating. So I suggest buying a cat litter box that has high sides and corners.
It is harder for a rabbit to be litter trained if it has been urinating everywhere; however, it is not impossible to do.
The first step is keeping your rabbit in the cage with the litter box included. With the litter box in the cage, the rabbit may start using it as its washroom, but if they end up using another corner of the cage, move the litter box over to that corner.
It is likely that your rabbit will urinate outside of the litter box while they are not in their cage, immediately, carry them to the litter box. If you do not catch your bunny in their act, all you can do is watch them carefully next time in order to reduce their habit.
Note: A good stain remover for rabbit urine is diluted vinegar or you can always use stain removers.
It is a good idea to get more litter boxes to place in different areas of your home, this makes it easier for your rabbit to access a litter box instead of searching for only one litter box in the house.
The problem with having one litter box is that your rabbit might not make an effort to find that particular litter box. If the rabbit always chooses one place to urinate, be sure to put a litter box there to further train them. If you don’t like the place they are urinating, then slowly move their litter box to the desired place. You can always place a bowl of food in that place to discourage their habit.
For some of you who have older rabbits who tend to mark their territory, I suggest getting them neutered or spayed every four to six months.
Getting your bunny neutered or spayed will have a greater chance being litter trained quicker and it also reduces the odor. There is a possibility your pet likes to mark their territory because of other pets in your home, by marking their territory for a period of time, it is their way of relieving stress.
Once the rabbit feels no longer threatened or what not, they will eventually stop.
Lastly, pay attention to the patterns of your rabbit’s urination.
If your rabbit takes frequent, but small washroom breaks or if they have some discoloring in their urine, then you should bring your rabbit to the vet as soon as possible. Rabbit usually take long washroom breaks occasionally.
The process of litter training your rabbit may seem a little tedious, but it will come easily after a week of routine and figuring out your rabbit’s habits. Litter training your rabbit is great because it teaches your pet discipline and it also keeps your house clean and fresh from stinky odors.